In January 2017, it was reported in the media that Vijay Antony would work on a project to be directed by Kiruthiga Udhayanidhi, who had earlier made Vanakkam Chennai (2013). Two months later, in late March 2017, Vijay Antony confirmed that he would star and also produce the film, which was titled as Kaali, with Kiruthiga revealing it would be a “family drama” film. Four actresses were cast in the film, with Anjali, Sunaina, Amritha Aiyer and Shilpa Manjunath selected.
After shooting for the film alongside his commitments in Srinivasan’s Annadurai (2017), Vijay Antony chose to briefly prioritise his work for Kaali in April 2017, after Annadurai’s co-producer Raadhika underwent a tax raid on her properties. He later continued to shoot for both films simultaneously.